Everyone who reblogs this will get the title of a book to read based on their bio/posts.
Everyone. I mean it.
THIS IS THE BEST POST
I HAVE EVER SEEN
they really do mean everyone
The Black Abbey of Kilkenny, Ireland, is a Catholic priory of the Dominican Order, dedicated to the Holy and Undivided Trinity. Black Abbey was established in 1225 as one of the first houses of the Dominican Order in Ireland.
The name Black Abbey is based on the fact that in England and other countries the Dominicans were often referred to as “Black Friars” on account of the black cappa or cloak which they wear over their white habits.
When the priory was founded the 13th century, the town of Kilkenny was divided in two parts by the Bregach River. One part was an Irish town and other was an English town. Dominicans established the priory between those two towns and outside the city walls, because they wished to show their independence from either side.In practical terms, the site chosen for the priory presented challenges, because ever since the priory was established, right up to the present time, the buildings are subject to severe annual flooding from the river.The priory was founded in 1225 by William Marshall the younger, Earl of Pembroke, who died in 1231.
In 1349, the community within the priory was severely affected by the outbreak of bubonic plague known as the Black Death. Eight members of the community died in three months during this pandemic. After the plague years, very few structural changes were carried out at the priory up until the end of 15th century. In 1540, Ireland was under the rule of Elizabeth I of England, a Protestant queen, and the property of the priory was confiscated by the crown. Elizabeth died in 1603, but the new King, James I, was no kinder to the priory: it became a courthouse, and the Dominicans were forced to leave and find places to stay in other houses.
From 1642 to 1649, Black Abbey played a major part in attempting to save both the Irish religion and the king, Charles I of England and of Ireland; the abbey hosted the government known as the Irish Catholic Confederation. These glory hours did not last long however. In March 1650, the English army under the command of Oliver Cromwell surrounded Kilkenny in a siege. Many people died from epidemic and hunger, many more fled before the city finally surrendered.
From 1685 to 1689 under the rule of the Catholic king James II of England, the abbey flourished, but in 1690, under the rule of the Protestant king William III of England, both Kilkenny and the abbey were once again occupied by the English.
By 1776, the community of the Black Abbey was close to zero, but starting in that year, the Dominicans retook possession of the abbey, first by renting it. In 1816, Black Abbey was restored as a Dominican priory, and the first public mass was held on 25 September 1816.On Trinity Sunday, 22 May 1864, Black Abbey was reconsecrated by the bishop, and was finally opened again as a house of prayer.
…the use of the term Mary-Sue comes with an obvious assumption attached: if characters like this are simply unacceptable by definition, then there must be other types of characters out there that are OK. After all, not every single female character ever written can possibly be a Mary-Sue. Even the people who cling to the term Mary-Sue as if it was their long-lost twin would not dispute that.
The Mary-Sue is a ‘fake girl’. A plastic girl, an unrealistic girl, a perfect girl. Her opposite number in that case must be a real girl. A human girl. A realistic girl. An imperfect girl. Fictional ladies whose failures and flaws are right there on the page. Ladies who cannot be dismissed as ‘too perfect’ or ‘wish fulfilment’. Let’s call this type of character a Sarah-Jane.
Now, because Sarah-Janes are in total contrast to the Mary-Sue, defying all the traits that are supposed to make a Mary-Sue unacceptable, then the Sarah-Jane, by definition, must be acceptable. I mean, obviously they’re not as tightly defined as the Mary-Sue type, and because their major trait is that they’re realistic, they’re going to vary a lot. But they must be the kind of character that readers want to see. The kind that readers will embrace. The kind that they will at least give a chance.
Yeah. No. It turns out the vast majority of talk about Sarah-Janes - realistic, flawed, prominent female characters in fiction - *still* centres on what is wrong with them, and all the reasons they are SO ANNOYING for… not being perfect?
Zoë Marriott, “Real Girls, Fake Girls, Everybody Hates Girls”
This is just a sample of a long and thoughtful essay — check out the rest!
The Dingle Peninsula (Sylvie Peroché)
tall boys with dark hair and shy smiles who smell good and have great tastes in music are very important ok
Imagine if Sirius could have raised Harry and when he sent a howler to him in his second year for driving the car to school.
"I’M NOT EVEN MAD, I’M ACTUALLY IMPRESSED. MERLIN’S BLOODY BALLS I’M PROUD."
And Remus in the background “SIRIUS NO.”
Clifden Castle, Ireland
The castle was built by John D’Arcy (1785-1839) in a Gothic Revival style in the early 19th century. John was a man of drive, energy and determination. He founded Clifden in 1812 and built his castle around the same time. He was married twice and had fourteen children in all, leaving one to assume that this was a very full and noisy family home.
Following John’s death in 1839, the castle and town passed to his son and heir, Hyacinth. Like so many landlords in the West of Ireland, Hyacinth became bankrupt as a result of debts incurred during the Great Famine and in 1850 the town and castle went on sale.The new owners, the Eyre family from Bath in England, purchased the town and castle for £21,245. The Eyre’s lived at the castle until the 1920s when the lands were eventually purchased by the government and divided out among the tenants. Sadly, the castle had no outright owner and, in time, was stripped bare of its slates and timbers and eventually fell to ruin.
One of the interesting features of this property is the standing stones. D’Arcy had these stones erected to imitate other standing stones around Ireland. It isn’t unknown why he did this, but the stones have been surveyed and it has been determined that they are not as ancient as D’Arcy would have us believe.
The ruins are located west of the town of Clifden in the Connemara region of County Galway, Ireland.
“The laws reveal a culture in which modern concepts such as equity, social mobility, negligence, unbiased witnesses and fair and open process of law and women’s rights were developed.”
New information about ancient Ireland surfaces showing that Ireland in the 1600s was quite complex and orderly even over 400 years ago.
It seems that Margaret [Buckley], symptomatic of her organization, may have been underestimated throughout her tenure in the [Irish] Republican movement. In the opening pages of “The Jangle of the Keys”, Buckley describes her arrest on Little Christmas Eve in 1923: “My arrest was the sequel to a military raid at my home; I always feel a glow of pride and satisfaction when I remember that before the hall door came in, our men had escaped by the back garden, and only I, ‘a woman of no importance,’ was there to greet the raiders when they trooped in, and dashed through the house, with rifles ‘at the ready’ and revolvers cocked.”
Buckley’s description of the perception of women in the 1920s Sinn Féin reveals the security forces’ lack of insight into the Republican community. This “woman of no importance” was at the helm of Sinn Féin from 1937 to 1950 and although she would step down from the presidency in 1950, she remained a vice president until her death in 1962. Undetected or unaccounted, the women in Buckley’s Sinn Féin constituted a significant part in Republican facilitation. But, in truth, this was nothing new. Republican women had been quite active in their underground efforts, providing safe houses for the IRA and the IRB before them, gunrunning and proselytizing republicanism in the household for a good generation. Women served as the private secretaries to [Arthur] Griffith and [Michael] Collins, and they had even been delivering dispatches among leaders. The women were often excellent speakers, found atop many a pile of rubble and often in black widows rags, touring the 32 counties—and even the world—raising funds (and support) for Republican causes. What, then, did the security forces (some of them veterans of the movement themselves) seem to forget as they raided Mrs. Buckley’s house in 1923? They overlooked that the hearts and mind of the Republican movement was shaped by “a woman of no importance.”
|—||Margaret Keiley-Listermann, Sinn Féin Women: Footnoted Foot Soldiers and Women of No Importance (via irwonder)|
The Broighter Collar, found as part of the Broighter Hoard
The Broighter Collar is a fine example of Irish Iron Age craftsmanship, decorated in the Insular La Tene style, a style unique to Ireland.
It was made circa 1st century AD and is now housed at the National Museum of Ireland.
Hadrian’s Wall. Roman emperor Hadrian (76-138 AD) had a fortified wall built across Roman Britain. The government organization English Heritage describes it as "the most important monument built by the Romans in Britain."
Restored sandstone fragments found in Jarrow (dating to 118/119) record that it was the wish of Hadrian to keep "intact the empire," which had been imposed upon him via “divine instruction.”
The most famous and thoroughly explored frontier system created by the Roman army. Construction of the wall began in AD 122 on the instructions of the Emperor Hadrian while on a visit to the province; it was completed in about AD 133. Various kinds of construction are represented along its length, but the basic idea was a stone wall punctuated at intervals of a Roman mile by small forts with turrets in between. Larger forts lay at intervals. The purpose of the wall was to control the movement of people in and out of the empire, and to counter localized threats and uprisings. Hadrian’s Wall was abandoned between AD 140 and Ad 163 when the frontier moved north to the Antonine Wall, but otherwise it remained in place throughout the Roman occupation of Britain.
Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology, Timothy Darvill.
Photos courtesy & taken by Bill Hails.